Mental Health: A Holistic Perspective

A person’s overall mental health is a product of many factors. Mental health evolves through continuous interaction which takes place on both the internal, external, and energetic levels of the body/mind/spirit.  This interplay of biopsychosocial-emotional and spiritual factors is comprised of, but not limited to, the following:


  • Brain functioning chemicals and neurotransmitters
  • Hormones 
  • Nutrition 
  • Immune system function
  • Physical condition 
  • Genetics and epigenetics 
  • Environment (physical, emotional, and energetic stress)
  • Mother-Infant Attachment difficulties
  • Upbringing (nurture) 
  • Spirituality 
  • Social and emotional intelligence 
  • Interpersonal relationships 
  • Intrapersonal relationship with self (self-awareness) 
  • Personality 
  • History of past traumas 
  • Subconscious programming 
  • Social determinants


The good news is that reinforcement of psychological resilience to mental health conditions is a protective factor that can be supported through individual mindfulness-based stress reduction, self-efficacy, and coping.